E45 Nappy Cream 125g
E45 Nappy Cream 125g
E45 Nappy Cream cares for baby's delicate skin and helps protect it against the causes of nappy rash. It forms a breathable barrier to keep the skin dry and protected. Its anti-enzyme formula also neutralises irritants that can cause nappy rash.
- Unique, patented anti-enzyme formula.
- Protects and soothes your baby's skin.
- Provides everyday care and helps protect against causes of nappy rash.
- Perfume free and hypoallergenic.
What causes nappy rash?
All babies who have faeces (poo) or urine (wee) held against their delicate skin within the warm, moist confines of a nappy are susceptible to nappy rash. Some babies are particularly prone to rashes whilst others are rarely affected. The reasons for this are unclear, but if your baby has a skin condition, such as eczema or a tendency to dry skin, this may put them at greater risk. Dry skin has less resistance to irritation and is more vulnerable to damage.
Nappy rashes result from the effects of:
- Faeces – Faeces contain irritating enzymes, bacteria and Candida albicans (the yeast that causes thrush). The presence of faeces also increases the skin’s normally slightly acidic pH, making it more susceptible to damage.
- Urine – Faecal enzymes turn urine into ammonia, a harmful (and smelly) chemical that attacks the skin.
- Wetness – Wetness from urine and faeces, or from using nappies and creams that prevent moisture evaporating can cause irritation. Wet skin eventually becomes macerated and damaged.
- Friction – Chafing from the nappy and between skin folds can damage delicate skin. So can rough handling and rubbing.
- Chemicals – Harsh soaps, creams and lotions irritate some babies. They can strip the skin of its protective barrier making it dry and itchy and increase the skin’s pH.
- Allergies - Reactions to chemicals, nappy components or detergents used to launder cloth nappies can also occur.
- Raised temperature – Warmth beneath the nappy may cause inflammation.
- Yeast – The warm, moist nappy provides an ideal place for Candida albicans to grow and infect the skin.
How can I prevent nappy rash?Leaving a baby in a soiled or wet nappy inevitably leads to nappy rash. To avoid this:
· Keep the baby’s skin clean and dry and change nappies promptly.
· Clean the nappy area thoroughly with warm water, a drop of mild soap or lotion and cotton wool. Rinse away any soap thoroughly. Alternatively, use hypoallergenic baby wipes, such as E45 Baby Wipes, to gently cleanse the skin. These are convenient to use and will not irritate the skin.
· Avoid strong or perfumed soaps, wipes and toiletries.
· Dry the skin thoroughly with cotton wool or a clean dry towel. Gently pat the skin rather than rubbing it.
· Expose the skin to the air as much as possible by leaving the nappy off.
· Apply a suitable oil-free nappy cream, such as E45 Nappy Cream, to reduce contact with irritants and help restore the skin’s natural pH.
If you are doing all of the above and a rash still occurs, it is worth discussing skin care with your health visitor or doctor, especially if there are skin problems such as eczema in the family. They may recommend daily use of emollients to keep your baby’s skin in good condition and regular use of a soothing nappy cream to help prevent a rash.
If a rash does occur, you will need to increase the frequency of nappy changing and skin cleansing and keep the nappy off for as long as possible. You should also apply a nappy cream that will help protect the skin from further irritation and encourage healing. The rash should disappear within a few days but if it fails to improve or the skin is broken or weeping, do seek advice from a doctor.